English
聯系我們
網站地圖
郵箱
舊版回顧



胡蜂也會邏輯推理

文章來源:中國科學報 宗華   發布時間:2019-05-10  【字號:     】  

  邏輯推理是一種復雜的行為,通常被認為僅限于具有復雜神經系統的動物。但一項新的研究表明,胡蜂可以運用某種邏輯推理。這在無脊椎動物中尚屬首次。相關成果日前發表于英國《皇家學會生物學報》。

  這種推理類型叫做傳遞性推理。這是人類很容易做到的事情:如果你知道A比B大,B比C大,那么就能推斷出A比C大。

  美國密歇根大學的Elizabeth Tibbets及其團隊將40只胡蜂(23只造紙胡蜂和17只長足胡蜂)分別放入一個淺的矩形容器中。容器有5種顏色,兩端分別被標記上從A到E的5個字母。電擊槍被放置在每對字母中排在字母表后面的容器側面。

  胡蜂首先接受字母相鄰的訓練——A/B、B/C、C/D和D/E。在10次試驗后,它們接受了B/D和A/E測試,這意味著其必須使用邏輯來避免電擊。

  總的來說,65%的胡蜂能正確選擇B而不是D。這比隨機選擇要好。Tibbets介紹說,胡蜂選擇A / E的比例也大致相同,但由于A總是免于受到電擊,而E總是提供電擊,因此這組測試的顯著性可能沒那么好。

  胡蜂之所以進化出這種能力,可能因為它們的社會結構。“它們花了大量時間來爭奪統治地位,而傳遞性推理對于弄清統治關系非常重要。”Tibbets表示。

  這種類型的研究已在蜜蜂身上進行過,但沒有發現它們使用相同的推理過程。Tibbets說,或許這是因為它們沒有形成同樣的統治階層。




(責任編輯:侯茜)

附件:

專題推薦

相關新聞


© 1996 - 中國科學院 版權所有 京ICP備05002857號  京公網安備110402500047號  聯系我們

地址:北京市三里河路52號 郵編:100864

彩之堂www.11czt.com 名门彩www.33997k.com | www.76hv.com | www.9144.cn | www.062922.com | www.225650.com | www.660269.com | 10811.com | ui37.com | www.yj5.com | www.2968.in | www.059273.com | www.567348.com | www.697871.com | 949285.com | 927247.com | www.13bx.com | www.88497.com | www.283448.com | www.590733.com | cp403.com | 554768.com | www.mu83.com | www.49ba.com | www.4680.top | www.026370.com | www.026546.com | www.64346.com | www.341335.com | www.499813.com | www.677153.com | www.878848.com | 859971.com | 9号彩票www.80767p.com | www.f45.live | www.023461.com | www.820025.com | 560872.com | 395628.com | PK彩票www.www.23040.com | www.zs63.com | www.26277.cc | www.077840.com | www.178280.com | www.849450.com | 彩票坊www.160912.com | www.e08.cc | www.2958.net | www.76355.cc | www.224480.com | www.958500.com | 优点彩票www.135580.com | www.se37.com | www.51900.com | www.363748.com | www.874586.com | 526065.com | www.a27.net | www.65si.com | www.13801.com | www.066813.com | www.155831.com | www.511992.com | www.680269.com | www.ed95.com | www.23733.cc | www.120326.com | 445994.com | www.259811.com | www.32ko.com | www.994722.com | www.206540.com | www.5972.cc | 380158.com | 894790.com | www.370518.com | www.52026.com | www.ru23.com | www.918204.com | www.106062.com | www.p51.com | 9651.biz | www.12lz.com | www.99jc.cc | www.167297.com | www.567619.com | www.698489.com | www.913607.com | 924910.com | www.90856.com | www.bm48.com | www.r75.net | www.27673.com | www.414530.com | www.710044.com | www.816567.com | www.939378.com | 587845.com | 381166.com | www.10jn.com | www.784446.com | www.350803.com | www.w56.cc | www.771329.com | www.333420.com | 356416.com | www.48al.com | www.8507.vip | www.46420.com | www.356693.com | www.879671.com | 46577.com | www.16ax.com | www.3112.com | www.8360.com | 628191.com | www.404447.com | www.646.tv | 950419.com | www.343518.com | www.az65.com | www.8131.top | www.20462.com | www.53658.com | www.036771.com | www.188152.com | www.320012.com | www.522697.com | www.737596.com | www.888766.com | 157609.com | 360618.com | www.j27.cc | www.022047.com | www.075362.com | www.222825.com | www.308074.com | 576412.com | 500彩票网www.790991.com | www.65xf.com | www.0055.loan | www.71582.cc | www.082118.com | www.218899.com | www.432890.com | www.592862.com | www.590776.com | 大赢家彩票平台www.763227.com | www.ai07.com | www.889.in | www.69548.com | www.95106.com | www.150713.com | www.596838.com | www.612080.com | www.873934.com | www.970156.com | 099.me | 209969.com | js80.com | 397654.com | 77294.com | www.cp084.com | www.6qr.com | www.vf05.com | www.452378.com | www.578253.com | 707709.com | www.914022.com | www.891278.com | www.994904.com | www.971134.com | 751240.com | 365810.cc | 908.la | 770295.com | 034994.com | 6356.biz | www.88nw.com | www.114394.com | www.248996.com | www.237090.com | www.211388.com | www.212261.com | www.827243.com | 873700.com | 001575.com | 16yl.com | 197874.com | 730085.com | 676189.com | 894873.com | 859736.com | 564233.com | 631108.com | 340535.com | 295113.com | 205066.com | 859101.com | 436178.com | 98nx.com | 560390.com | 678145.com | www.eg24.com | www.911.pw | www.37763.cc | www.80807.cc | www.014530.com | www.101004.com | www.059809.com | www.164031.com | www.183303.com | www.432776.com | www.483252.com | 69611.com | www.531509.com | 294872.com | 434494.com | 45614.com | 91彩票网www.912485.com | www.lu47.com | www.8452.vip | www.91328.com | www.122613.com | www.271605.com | www.686505.com | www.854459.com | 786471.com | www.tr53.com | xf17.com | 513678.com | www.413603.com | www.61286.cc | 28nj.com | www.696962.com | www.296721.com | www.25et.com | www.886441.com | www.713085.com | www.108725.com | www.iu28.com | 156061.com | www.433168.com | www.6826.top | 552964.com | www.538411.com | 964873.com | www.ia65.com | www.9qp.cc | www.2338.in | www.22821.cc | www.61185.cc | www.125610.com | www.301027.com | www.405099.com | www.450371.com | www.743811.com | 561461.com | 4553.biz | 595594.com | 876483.com | 261535.com | www.cu1.com | www.47ch.com | www.38al.com | www.1405.cc | www.175658.com | www.392772.com | www.446680.com | www.475518.com | www.522072.com | www.808787.com | www.813384.com | www.vy78.com | www.77rw.com | www.7663.cn | www.46599.com | www.197420.com | www.285578.com | www.401752.com | www.502363.com | www.523587.com | www.573608.com | www.581254.com | www.624010.com | 625235.com | www.cm28.com | www.72781.com | www.065935.com | www.191829.com | www.064898.com | www.041996.com | www.083751.com | www.114246.com | www.091091.cc | www.288582.com | www.471389.com | GO彩www.gai57.com | 750046.com | 500彩票网www.65707s.com | www.or47.com | www.53zb.com | www.nt56.com | www.79768.com | www.187853.com | 948681.com | 638030.com | www.la97.com | www.3530.com | www.39056.com | www.405527.cc | www.yp7.cc | www.104.net | www.163254.com | www.554011.com | www.642321.com | www.952639.com | 7953.biz | 388070.com | www.dx90.com | www.384900.com | 9065.biz | 199093.com | www.fl91.com | www.41wi.com | www.6139.biz | www.122061.com | www.664652.com | www.978608.com | www.816682.com | 577140.com | 680639.com | www.pm84.com | www.348001.com | www.os56.com | www.13ak.com | www.536.red | www.40783.com | www.92xt.com | www.322557.com | www.698222.com | www.920777.com | www.54pd.com | www.09291.com | www.223139.com | www.206576.com | www.898759.com | 639162.com | www.zi82.com | www.sn32.com | www.07iv.com | www.nh18.com | www.129179.com | www.270718.com | www.460577.com | www.815363.com | www.je94.com | www.29719.com | www.119228.com | www.051291.com | www.625026.com | www.774189.com | 591197.com | 957302.com | 905139.com | www.974215.com | www.829940.com | 彩82www.c1350.com | 76260.com | www.14390.com | www.8563.top | www.7844.vip | www.81854.com | www.066155.com | www.244593.com | www.207928.com | www.318072.com | www.305436.com | www.490633.com | 025478.com | www.cai1255.com | www.9757.pw | www.7402.cn | www.4583.me | www.78ua.com | 090548.com | www.29fq.com | www.27hg.com | www.04iy.com | www.537105.com | www.762692.com | 243199.com | www.ip94.com | www.0034.xyz | www.232880.com | 676608.com | 乐彩网www.lcw997.com | www.zz30.cc | www.1870.la | www.131127.com | www.817247.com | www.882182.com | 095675.com | 901948.com | www.cp7627.com | www.95ch.com | www.9613.cm | www.12705.com | www.45444.cc | www.378180.com | www.972645.com | www.960623.com | www.919632.com | hx16.com | 390065.com | www.29ew.com | www.13wh.com | www.6976.me | www.051499.com | www.493506.com | www.959696.com | 129461.com | www.8068.com | www.199208.com | www.81812.com | 19412.com | www.679853.com | 606222.com--50.cc | www.034455.com | www.659081.com | www.04793.com | www.102891.com | www.369299.com | www.699061.com | 254191.com | www.1488.net | www.035735.com | www.086581.com | www.457533.com | www.11308.cc | 773154.com | 全民乐彩票www.2934e.com | www.d65.me | www.34sp.com | www.96nj.com | www.034509.com | www.299932.com | www.980656.com | www.is19.com | www.53dw.com | www.549139.com | 凤凰彩票www.3479o.com | www.1080.site | www.96272.com | www.237254.com | www.336582.com | www.536585.com | www.690255.com | www.228625.com | www.374935.com | www.951477.com | www.71732.com | www.657906.com | 266103.com | 238049.com | 751423.com | 970948.com | 160928.com | www.73hd.com | www.x86.shop | www.2018.biz | www.51862.com | www.161609.com | www.377851.com | www.572219.com | www.365820.com | 974736.com | 618452.com | www.sw34.com | www.1jw.cc | www.331028.com | www.282802.com | www.196201.com | www.262557.com | www.183880.com | 8号彩票www.81520c.com | www.571.website | www.181561.com | www.760128.com | 854089.com | www.08ds.com | www.0913.vip | www.6809.net | www.9606.cm | www.09217.com | www.363778.com | www.751457.com | 618905.com | www.579626.com | www.640999.com | www.wb60.com | www.20608.com | www.324175.com | www.06727.com | www.028786.com | www.739563.com | 500彩票www.50051l.com | 凤凰彩票www.55228c.com | www.tq16.com | www.03ic.com | www.62ql.com | www.q15.bid | www.50136.com | www.007056.com | www.014728.com | www.757795.com | www.850168.com | www.3611.cm | 434678.com | vh82.com | www.505697.com | www.3491.vip | www.957749.com | www.252161.com | 820276.com | 466361.com | www.fq4.com | 534224.com | 385674.com | www.nc88.cc | www.805.mobi | www.090498.com | www.144767.com | www.349988.com | www.538688.com | www.381624.com | www.710519.com | www.642733.com | 193776.com | 500彩票网www.65707b.com | www.xc77.cc | www.41iw.com | www.mr00.com | www.9xg.com | www.0099.cc | www.2430.top | www.50817.com | 大赢家彩票平台www.609715.com | www.77gk.com | www.028790.com | www.001150.com | www.405321.com | 596855.com | www.3ti.com | www.055781.com | www.455222.cc | www.110616.com | www.68593.cc | www.442929.com | 254972.com | 487198.com | www.nk07.com | www.1782.hk | www.32577.cc | www.88318.cc | 746368.com | www.999851.com | www.716962.com | www.249178.com | www.542403.com | www.295871.com | www.6mx.com | www.yc71.com | www.502088.com | www.518836.com | www.576996.com | www.780851.com | www.879406.com | www.lj46.com | www.3339.tv | www.692507.com | www.940.biz | www.248555.com | 爱彩乐www.ac9922.com | 大赢家彩票平台www.268993.com | www.88ly.com | www.90139.cc | www.006374.com | 827008.com | www.803343.com | www.356064.com | www.233093.com | www.11181.com | 713037.com | www.324708.com | www.101552.com | www.is63.com | www.980554.com | www.198589.com | www.ds42.com | 404429.com | www.530519.com | www.za44.com | www.1055.in | www.34699.com | www.207656.com | www.462849.com | 495776.com | www.851511.com | www.318471.com | www.6798.com | www.3781.vip | www.775054.com | www.746901.com | www.826697.com | 398029.com | 9号彩票www.80767y.com | www.cp071.com | www.2191.win | www.3055.biz | www.9588.mobi | www.11675.com | www.09493.com | www.083434.com | www.48831.com | www.9461.vip | www.007307.com | www.19223.cc | www.92ov.com | www.4913.cx | www.8530.vip | www.123017.com | www.862915.com | www.960056.com | www.807574.com | www.469068.com | www.333560.com | www.478167.com | www.610108.com | www.102256.com | 607910.com | 吉利彩票www.80065w.com | www.08ov.com | www.2255.cn | www.23196.com | www.63305.com | www.139431.com | www.720084.com | www.847379.com | www.926861.com | www.97zh.com | www.045768.com | www.82149.com | www.030956.com | www.163700.com | www.254263.com | www.135056.com | www.269115.com | www.578863.com | 262459.com | www.878561.cc | 乐彩www.lczg3.com | 500彩票网www.65707r.com | www.0707.pw | www.46616.com | www.335926.com | www.884808.com | 994945.com | 264945.com | www.16933.com | www.997737.com | www.223087.com | www.o24.me | 240448.com | www.849596.com | www.530105.com | www.327366.com | www.x91.com | www.933533.com | www.357675.com | www.4274.top | 700810.com | www.554594.com | www.608.cc | 458632.com | www.309162.com | www.5586.biz | www.964413.com | www.964516.com | www.818314.com | www.946111.com | www.415788.com | www.608499.com | 698837.com | 307461.com | www.678735.com | www.505193.com | www.8904.org | www.003435.com | www.039925.com | www.55772.cc | www.11984.com | www.70434.com | www.360168.com | www.635970.com | www.840622.com | www.850937.com | www.794649.cc | www.713908.com | 11iv.cc | www.1nj.cc |